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Best Practice: Delegated Grading Examples

You can delegate grading by assigning specific users in your course to grade particular sets of student submissions. To learn more about the settings and process, see Delegated Grading.

Why Use Delegated Grading?

Delegated grading enables you to combine settings to accomplish your assignment grading goals and meet institutional requirements.

Divide and Conquer

For large classes, you can divide the grading tasks among TAs and other graders, as in the following examples:

  • For a class of 400 students, assign graders to a random subset of assignment submissions. This automatically divides the grading tasks among the number of graders you have.
  • For a merged course with 100 students in each section, assign each grader a class section. You can also assign a random subset of submissions.
Ensure Reliable Grading

Grading and feedback from more than one grader promotes reliability, improves consistency, and removes bias. You can assign blind graders, who cannot see each others' ratings, to the same set of submissions to obtain more than one critique of the same sample of work. You can use all of the blind graders' ratings to determine the assignment's final grade.

Whenever fairness and impartiality in grading are an institutional requirement or a concern for any reason, use blind graders to control bias among graders as much as possible. For example, using multiple graders can enhance your credibility when recommending students for jobs or admission to higher levels of education. This may be especially important when children of alums or donors are also being endorsed.

Allow Graders to Collaborate

You can allow graders to view each other's grades and feedback. This is useful when graders know your students well, and their growth and past performance should influence grading. Collaborative grading is also appropriate for small classes where students are encouraged to discuss the assignment at all stages of creation. The goal is collaboration at all levels, including grading.

Use Rubrics in Delegated Grading

Rubrics can improve accuracy and consistency among delegated graders. A rubric is an assessment tool that describes evaluation criteria for an assignment. Each criterion is scored individually, with the sum of the ratings of all criteria making up the total grade.

Rubrics ensure that graders' standards remain the same over the grading time span. Provide a clear and detailed set of criteria that describes the weighted importance of the objectives of the assignment. To learn more, see Rubrics.

Additional Assignment Settings

At the time of assignment creation, you can also enable anonymous grading so that graders do not see students' identities, and the SafeAssign option to prevent plagiarism. To learn more, see Anonymous Grading and Use SafeAssign in Assignments.

Delegated Grading Examples

Use the following examples to help you choose how to use delegated grading in your course.

Review each description, click the title to go to the example, and follow the steps to set up that version of delegated grading in your course.

Parallel Graders

Two graders grade the same submissions. They can view each other's grades and discuss the final grades.

Blind Parallel Graders

Two graders grade the same submissions. They cannot see each other's grades or discuss them.

Sample Double Graders

Two graders: Grader 1 grades all of the submissions. Grader 2 grades a random set, but can view what Grader 1 assigned for grades and feedback.

Sample Double Blind Graders

Two graders: Grader 1 grades all of the submissions. Grader 2 grades a random set of submissions. They cannot see what the other assigned.

Instructor + Colleague Grader

The lead instructor grades all of the submissions, and then views a colleague's feedback about a sampling of grades. When providing the final grades, the lead instructor reviews the comments and decides whether to accept the colleague's suggestions.

 


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Some grading roles may require reconciling of grades—the determination of the final grades by the instructor. Contact your administrator if the ability to reconcile is not available for grading roles you assign. To learn more, see Reconcile Grades.

Parallel Graders

The lead instructor assigns two graders to grade assignment submissions. Both graders grade all submissions. The graders can view each other's grades and discuss what to assign for the final grades. The lead instructor only contributes if needed to "break a tie."

  • If the grades are similar, the graders assign students an average of both grades for the final grade -OR- they agree on a final grade.
  • If the grades differ significantly -OR- the graders can't agree on a final grade, the lead instructor reviews the two sets of grades and assigns a final grade. She has no grading responsibilities other than reconciling grades.

Select Options for Graders

Enable delegated grading during assignment creation and select options for graders.

Grader Selections
Grader 1 Grader 2 Lead Instructor
Grades all submissions. Grades all submissions. Grades no submissions.
Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes.
Can reconcile grades. Can reconcile grades. Can reconcile grades.

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Blind Parallel Graders

The lead instructor assigns two graders to grade assignment submissions independently of each other. They both grade all of the assignment submissions, but each does not see what the other assigned for grades or feedback. The lead instructor reviews the two sets of grades and assigns the final grades.

  • If the grades are similar, the lead instructor assigns an average of both grades for the final grades.
  • If the grades differ significantly, the lead instructor assigns the final grades -OR- enlists Grader 3 to "break a tie" before reconciling grades. On the Reconcile Grades page, you can add Grader 3 directly to attempts. The lead instructor has no grading responsibilities other than reconciling grades.

Select Options for Graders

Enable delegated grading during assignment creation and select options for graders.

Grader Selections
Grader 1 Grader 2 Optional: Grader 3 Lead Instructor
Grades all submissions. Grades all submissions. Grades only those attempts where grades differ significantly and the lead instructor wants more input. Grades no submissions.
May not view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. May not view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. May not view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes.
NA NA NA Can reconcile grades.

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Sample Double Graders

The lead instructor assigns two graders to grade assignment submissions. Grader 1 grades all of the submissions. After Grader 1 has finished grading, Grader 2 begins grading a random set of submissions. He can view what Grader 1 assigned for grades and feedback.

The lead instructor reviews the two sets of grades and assigns the final grades. She has no grading responsibilities other than reconciling grades.

Select Options for Graders

Enable delegated grading during assignment creation and select options for graders.

Grader Selections
Grader 1 Grader 2 Lead Instructor
Grades all submissions. Grades a random set. Grades no submissions.
May not view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes.
NA NA Can reconcile grades.

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Sample Double Blind Graders

The lead instructor assigns two graders to grade assignment submissions independently of each other. Grader 1 grades all of the submissions. Grader 2 grades a random set of submissions. The graders cannot see what the other has assigned.

The lead instructor reviews the two sets of grades and assigns the final grades. She has no grading responsibilities other than reconciling grades.

Select Options for Graders

Enable delegated grading during assignment creation and select options for graders.

Grader Selections
Grader 1 Grader 2 Lead Instructor
Grades all submissions. Grades a random set. Grades no submissions.
May not view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. May not view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes.
NA NA Can reconcile grades.

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Instructor + Colleague Grader

The instructor grades all assignment submissions. A colleague provides feedback about a sampling of grades. When providing the final grades, the instructor reviews the comments and decides whether to accept the colleague's suggestions.

When reconciling grades, the instructor can hide his colleague's comments so students cannot view the grading suggestions.

  • On the Reconcile Grades page, click the Show Detail View icon in a student's row and clear the check box for Show Graders' Feedback and Rubrics (if applicable) to student.
  • From this page, the instructor can add feedback to accompany the reconciled grade.

Select Options for Graders

Enable delegated grading during assignment creation and select options for graders.

Grader Selections
Instructor Colleague
Grades all submissions. Provides feedback for a random set.
Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes. Can view other graders' scores, feedback, and notes.
Can reconcile grades. NA

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