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Common Cartridge

Common Cartridge is an initiative led by the IMS Global Learning Consortium to promote sharing across Learning Management Systems (LMS). The Common Cartridge Extension Building Block ships with Blackboard Learn and is available by default for Administrators and Instructors to Export and Import Common Cartridge packages.

Using Common Cartridge allows Instructors and Administrators to export a package that can be used in any LMS that supports Common Cartridge.

Supported Standards

Blackboard Learn supports Common Cartridge packages in Common Cartridge 1.0, 1,1 and 1.2 formats. For detailed information about Common Cartridge, go to IMS Global Learning Consortium.

Common Cartridge Export Specifications

Common Cartridge standards are designed to enable flexibility and sharing. To enable reuse in a broad number of LMS, the package is limited to widely available features.

Files, Items, Discussion Forums, Web Links, and Assessments will be exported, but certain components may be excluded. For example, topics in Discussion Forums are exported, but grading, which is not supported by other LMS, is not).

The IMS Common Cartridge standards do not currently support all assessment question types or attributes. Exported Tests and Pools will not include incompatible questions.

The following content types are supported in accordance with Common Cartridge standards.

Supported Content Types
Content Type Description
Course Files All Course Files are exported as a Web Content folder to the /csfiles/home_dir/my_files directory. Role restrictions are used to limit permissions to Instructors only on any file not available to all users.
Discussion Board All Course Forums are exported together, including Group Forums, if present. Threads are not exported.
Surveys Surveys are not exported.
Pools Pools are exported as a single question bank.
Tests The following question types are exported as specified:
  • Multiple Choice: Includes feedback for each answer. Partial credit is not supported.
  • Multiple Answer: Includes feedback for each answer. Partial credit is not supported.
  • True/False
  • Fill in the Blank: Includes the first answer only.
  • Essay Question: Includes a sample answer.

Other Test information included:

  • Correct and Incorrect Feedback
  • General Feedback
  • Embedded images and files in question text linked to source files in Course Files
  • Single categories (if a question has multiple categories, only one will be included)

Test information and content not included:

  • Instructor Notes
  • Layout information
  • File attachments
  • Random Blocks
  • Question Sets
Content Areas Common Cartridge export packages place a course into a single folder of content. Each Content Area is then exported as a sub-folder inside the main Course folder. For example, if a Common Cartridge package were exported from a course and then re-imported, the result would be a course with a single Content Area containing a folder for each original Content Area and a WebLinks Content Area containing all of the Web Links.

The following items are supported upon export:

  • Folders
  • Items: Text entered in the text editor is exported as an HTML file. Attachments are not exported as part of the item, but if they are stored in Course Files, they will be included in the course package.
  • Files: Files are exported as Web Content without descriptions and will display as a link to the file.
  • Assessment links
  • URLs: URLs will be added to the package’s WebLinks section without associated text or attachments. If they have been deployed in a Content Area, they will also be in the corresponding folder.
  • Links to Discussions Forums
Basic LTI Links Basic LTI Links can be exported and imported. If using an imported Common Cartridge package, instructors will need to configure the LTI link in the Packages and Utilities area of the course's Control Panel before it is functional.
Assignments Assignments are supported both in export and import. This is a very limited format, so no information outside of the actual content is exported/imported. On import, an assignment with a single file attachment is created. The file can be HTML with links. If the assignment is not used in the main organization, it is restored in an Assignments Content Area. On export, a single file is produced, which merges the description and attachments. Also Web Content can be marked as an Assignment.
Alignments Alignments to standards are exported for all Common Cartridge items. Alignments are restored on import if and only if the standards currently exist in the system. If it does not exist, a log entry (informational) is added to the import log. Only external standards (coming from a vendor) are exported. Custom standards are ignored.

Common Cartridge Import Specifications

Common Cartridge packages imported into Blackboard Learn will manage accepted content as described in the Export Specifications. Administrators and instructors should be aware that the package is intended to share as much content as possible, but will not reproduce courses identically.

When a Common Cartridge package is imported, the course will be compressed into a single Content Area, with folders and sub-folders inside. A WebLinks Content Area will also be added to the Course Menu to provide access to all URLs included in the Course package.

IMS Specifications

The Blackboard packaging format follows the IMS Content Packaging Specification with extensions to support content types that are specific to Blackboard Learn.

  • IMS Content and Packaging Specification 1.1.2
  • IMS Metadata Specification 1.2.1
  • IMS Enterprise Specification 1.01
  • IMS Question and Test Interoperability Specification 1.2

Curriculum Standards Alignment

As of release 9.1 SP 9, the Curriculum Standards Alignment option allows for the inclusion of alignment to Standards. In this context, the “Standards” is a globally unique identifier (GUID) that links to the standard description. It is up to the installer to connect to the actual standard’s description as determined by the provider. Though specification supports any provider, Blackboard limits links to Academic Benchmark standards.

How to Manage the Common Cartridge Building Block

When Blackboard Learn is upgraded, the latest version of the Common Cartridge Building Block will install. The default status is set to Available.

  1. In the Administrator Panel, in the Building Blocks section, select Building Blocks.
  2. Click Installed Tools.
  3. In the row for the Common Cartridge Extension, ensure that both Availability and Course/Org Default are set to Available.
  4. Click Settings.
  5. Select whether to Allow Instructors to export Common Cartridges.

    If Instructors are not allowed to export in Common Cartridge format, administrators will still be able to do so from the Administrator Panel. For instructions, see Creating Common Cartridge Course Packages.

    Importing Common Cartridges is not affected by this setting. Blocking the import of Common Cartridge packages is possible only if the Building Block is set to Unavailable in the Availability column. With this setting, neither instructors nor administrators will be able to import Common Cartridge packages.

  6. Click Submit.