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Blackboard Help

Glossary

A

action bar: Rows at the top of the page containing page-level actions such as Build Content, Search, Delete, and Upload.

administrator: A user with administrator access to Blackboard Learn who performs tasks inside or outside Blackboard Learn, which may include managing the back-end servers related to your Blackboard Learn instance. The information and tasks directed at this audience may require access to the command line, as well as to the back-end servers.

alt text: Alt text is short for alternative text, and is usually a short phrase describing any visual components on a web page. Alt text is interpreted by screen readers and helps describe what some users cannot see.

archive: Create a permanent record of a course or organization, including all the content and user interactions available at the time you create the archive. The information is stored in a zipped package.

asynchronous: Asynchronous interactions occur over extended periods of time which allow for more flexibility, as well as reflective communication. A lag time usually occurs between the initial message or entry and the answer or feedback. Blackboard Learn asynchronous tools include the discussion board, email, announcements, messages, journals, blogs, and wikis.

avatar: An avatar is a personal image that you can use to represent yourself throughout Blackboard Learn. Avatar images appear in interactive tools such as journals and blogs, in the My Blackboard menu, and on the course home page. An avatar is different than an image added to a profile. Profile images supersede avatar images.

B

brand: Brands define the colors, images, tab styles, icons, and other elements that create the look and feel of Blackboard Learn. Different brands can be presented to different users. Brands allow institutions to use logos, icons, and other elements to create a more relevant user experience for users within the different roles.

breadcrumbs path: Now known as the orientation bar. As you view the items and links presented in a course, use the orientation bar to navigate to previous pages. The orientation bar appears above the content frame. Click the ellipsis (...) to expand the list.

C

cascading style sheets (CSS): Instructions that specify how elements appear on a web page. A style sheet controls how an element or set of elements appear, such as text, borders, and tables.


community engagement: If your institution licenses community engagement, your institution can build vibrant online communities. These capabilities foster online communities and build greater connections between teachers and students both during and after class. If you are an administrator, the capabilities available on your system are listed in the upper-right corner of the Administrator Panel after Products. If your institution has licensed community engagement, "Community Engagement" is listed. If you are an instructor or a student, you will have a Community tab.

content area: A top-level container that contains links to content an instructor has added to his or her course, such as lecture notes, assignments, and tests. Content areas appear as links on the course menu.

Content Collection: If your institution licenses content management, you have access to integrated, enterprise-wide content management technology. This technology enables users to securely tag, manage, reuse, and share digital content using the Content Collection. If you are an administrator, the capabilities available on your system are listed in the upper-right corner of the Administrator Panel after Products. If your institution licenses content management, "Content Management" is listed. If you are an instructor or a student, you will have a Content Collection tab.

content editor: Use the functions to add and format text, insert equations and hyperlinks, and attach different types of files to content. It appears throughout the system as the default editor.

content frame: Large area of the screen adjacent to the course menu that displays the selected content area, tool, or material.

content management: If your institution licenses content management, you have access to integrated, enterprise-wide content management technology. This technology enables users to securely tag, manage, reuse, and share digital content using the Content Collection. If you are an administrator, the capabilities available on your system are listed in the upper-right corner of the Administrator Panel after Products. If your institution licenses content management, "Content Management" is listed. If you are an instructor or a student, you will have a Content Collection tab.

Control Panel: All course management functions are accessed through links in the Control Panel. The Control Panel is located under the course menu and is only available to users with one of the following defined course roles: instructor, teaching assistant, grader, course builder, or administrator.

Course Files: Course Files provides file storage on the Blackboard server for a single course. Course Files within each course displays content for that specific course, not for other courses taught by an instructor. Instructors can create folders and sub-folders in Course Files to organize their content in a way that is logical to them. Students cannot upload files to Course Files.

course ID: The course ID is a unique identifier for a course. After you create a course, you cannot change the course ID. Course IDs can contain numbers, letters, hyphens (-), underscores (_), and periods (.).

course link: A course link is a shortcut to an existing area, tool, or item in your course. You can add course links  to a content area, learning module, lesson plan, folder, the course menu, and within some tools.

course menu: The course menu appears on the left side of the course window. Users click button or text links to access all course content, such as content areas, individual tools, web links, course links, and module pages.

current post: Portion of the content frame that contains the text of the selected discussion post and information about the post.

D

developer: A user with administrator access to Blackboard Learn who extends the functionality of Blackboard Learn, including accessing the back-end servers related to your Blackboard Learn instance. The information and tasks directed at this audience require access to the command line, as well as to the back-end servers.

E

Easy Edit: Blackboard Drive is integrated into the Blackboard Learn user interface with Easy Edit to provide simplified editing from the Content Collection tab and improved efficiency. Easy Edit with Blackboard Drive allows users to open a file for editing directly from the user interface and makes editing as simple as three steps: click, edit, and save. Blackboard Drive uses the WebDAV protocol for communication with Learn content management but has many advantages over the OS native WebDAV clients. Blackboard Drive provides better reliability, a more consistent experience, and improved user efficiency. Blackboard Drive must be installed on the end user’s computer.

Edit Mode: When Edit Mode is ON, all the instructor functions are shown, such as Build Content on the action bar in a content area and contextual menu options. When Edit Mode is OFF, you are viewing the page in student view. The Edit Mode function appears to users with a role of instructor, teaching assistant, course builder, and administrator.

emoticon: A group of keyboard characters representing a writer's mood or facial expression, for example, :), :(, and :D. They are used to improve interpretation of plain text and display feeling.

export: Preserve selected course content in a zipped package that you can import into the same course or a different course.

F

Flash video: The Flash video tutorials open in a new browser window or tab. Viewing the Flash video tutorials requires Adobe® Flash® Player 7 or later. If your browser does not prompt you to install the Adobe Flash plug-in, you can download the Adobe Flash Player at http://www.adobe.com/products/flashplayer/.

forum: The main discussion board page displays a list of forums. Each forum can contain multiple threads. Create forums to organize discussions into units or topics relevant to your course.

G

Grade Information Bar: Point to a Grade Center column title and details appear in the area preceding the grid and following the action bar. You can view the type of column and points possible. In this same row, you can view when data was last saved.

H

HTML object: Create an HTML object is using the content editor and saving it as an HTML file. You can reuse HTML objects when creating content by linking to the HTML file stored in Course Files or the Content Collection.

I

import: Bring content into a course from an export package.

instructor: A user who is developing, teaching, or facilitating a class. The information and tasks directed at this audience require access to the Control Panel for a course in Blackboard Learn.

J

Java applet: A program that can be embedded into a web page and was written in the Java programming language.

Java plug-in: A method to extend a web browser's capabilities, to include processing Java applets, when visiting websites with dynamic web content. Verify your Java plug-in is functioning properly by visiting http://www.java.com/en/download/help/testvm.jsp.

L

learning module: Learning modules are containers for packaging and presenting course content and allow instructors to organize related course materials in a table of contents. In a learning module, you can include all types of content, such as items, assignments, and tests.

lesson plan: A container for content similar to a learning module or folder that can hold and organize content items. Instructors can create lesson plans within their courses to hold lesson profiles, instructional objectives, and the content items students need to complete a lesson.

M

mashup: A mashup combines elements from two or more sources. When you view a YouTube™ video in a Blackboard Learn course as part of the course content, you are experiencing a mashup. Mashups can also include Flickr® photos and SlideShare presentations.

message list: Portion of the content frame that contains a list of all the posts in a discussion thread, beginning with the initial post. The selected post is highlighted.

module: Modules are packets of content that appear on the My Institution tab or on customized module tabs. Blackboard Learn includes several types of modules, such as calendars, tasks, and alerts. Administrators create different modules for different types of users.

module page: Module pages contain course modules that you select from a list. A course module can be a tool, such as a calculator, or it can display dynamic information such as grades, alerts, and announcements.

multimedia: Multimedia refers to digital graphics, animation, sound, and video that you can use in your course. You can use the content editor to integrate multimedia into your course -OR- create content items such as audio, image, video, URL, and mashups.

O

orientation bar: As you view the items and links presented in a course, use the orientation bar to navigate to previous pages. The orientation bar appears above the content frame. Click the ellipsis (...) to expand the list.

outcomes assessment: If your institution licenses outcomes assessment, your institution will be able to assess teaching and learning practices in the same system that instructors and students use every day. This technology adapts to your organizational structure and processes to deliver a personalized assessment experience to each user. If you are an administrator, the capabilities available on your system are listed in the upper-right corner of the Administrator Panel after Products. If your institution has licensed outcomes assessment, "Outcomes Assessment" is listed. If you are an instructor or a student, you will have an Outcomes tab.

override: You can override grades that were recorded manually or automatically in the Grade Center. A grade override supersedes all attempts, including attempts students have not yet submitted. When you override a grade, future attempts do not appear with an exclamation mark—the needs grading icon—in the Grade Center.

P

package: Also called zipped package, zipped file, or zipped archive. The ZIP file format compresses data to reduce file size. A package can contain one or more files.

permission: Settings that control user access to files and folders in your course's file repository: Course Files or the Content Collection. You can assign user groups read, write, remove, and manage permissions. Manage permission allows the user group to edit and add permissions. By default, course builders, instructors, and teaching assistants are assigned all four permissions on files uploaded directly to the course's file repository. You can change and delete permissions.

R

role: Roles determine what a user can and cannot do within Blackboard Learn. A role is a collection of permissions that an administrator associates with user accounts. For example, a user with a student role cannot access grading information for other students. A user with an instructor role can view grades for each student enrolled in the course.

S

screen reader: A screen reader is a software application that interprets what appears on a computer screen. The interpretation is communicated to the user as audio text-to-speech, or as Braille for an output device. Screen readers are a form of assistive technology used by people who are blind, visually impaired, inexperienced in the native language, or learning disabled.

sequential viewing: If an instructor selects Enforce Sequential Viewing in a learning module's settings, users must proceed through the table of contents in the order presented. After the links are viewed sequentially, users can review it in any order. If users navigate away from the learning module and return to it, they will be required to view it sequentially again.

student: A user who is participating in a class. The information and tasks directed at this audience do not require access to the Control Panel in Blackboard Learn.

T

tab: Tabs contain links to courses and organizations, modules of content, user tools, and external links to additional services and content. Administrators make different tabs available to different types of users.

thread: In the discussion board, a forum contains threads. A thread includes the initial post and any replies to it.

Tomcat: A servlet container with a JSP environment. Your web server software (IIS, Apache) hosts the web pages and Tomcat processes the dynamic web content (servlets) into a readable format for users.

W

WebDAV: WebDAV is used for sharing files over the internet and is compatible with most operating systems. When put into use with Blackboard Learn, WebDAV is a means for users to add to and access content from Course Files or the Content Collection, as if it were any other network drive or folder on their computers.

Windows Media Player movie: Windows Media Player movie tutorials open with the Windows Media Player. Most Window machines come with this program already installed. If you do not have the player on your computer, you can download it here: http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/w...s-media-player

Y

your computer: "Your computer" includes files on your local drive and desktop, files on a removable drive attached to your computer, and files on a network drive that you can access from your computer.

Z

zipped file: Also called zipped package, package, or zipped archive. The ZIP file format compresses data to reduce file size. A package can contain one or more files.