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The most common form of interaction in an online course is through the discussion board using forums established by an instructor. Participation and interaction in the discussion board does not occur naturally. You must intentionally design it into your courses. To encourage engaging, quality discussion, craft discussion questions carefully and create inquiry.
If you want to encourage participation, consider allowing students to post anonymously. Also, allow students to create new threads. This flexibility may encourage members to post their ideas and questions. You can also provide incentive by grading the discussion or adding exam questions based on discussion content.
You can help your students feel comfortable and provide them with guidelines as they begin to use the discussion board.
The following list describes four steps for developing successful online discussions to help build community and fulfill assignments.
Forum settings allow you to use the discussion board in different ways. For example, to fully control a forum, you create all threads, moderate, and grade the posts. For a student-led discussion, allow students to create new threads and posts anonymously.
The following table includes some of the ways you can control the behavior of forums in a discussion board.
|Promote originality and a variety of ideas||You can create "post first" forums where you ask students to respond before they can read and reply to their classmates' posts.|
|Create effective social forums||Allow students to post anonymously and without worrying about receiving a grade. Allowing students to post anonymously is important at the beginning of a course when they are still becoming comfortable with discussions.|
|Monitor quality and behavior||Assign a moderator to review each post before making it public.|
|Allow students to control the discussion||Allow students to edit, delete, and rate posts. Also, you can allow students to create new threads and direct the discussion.|
|Have a tightly controlled forum and use it to evaluate student performance||Select the grading and moderating options. To be sure students focus on the existing threads, do not allow the creation of new threads.|
|Allow authors to edit their published posts||Consider locking the thread after grading. Users cannot change locked posts.|
You cannot select some settings in combination. For example, if you are grading forums or threads, anonymous posts are not allowed. Also, if you enable thread grading, members cannot create new threads.
You can allow users to access the discussion board in several ways. You can add a customized link to the course menu and to a course area. When you provide a link to the discussion board in a course area, students can access the tool alongside other course content.
As an instructor, on the Control Panel, expand the Course Tools section and click Discussion Board. From this link, access the course discussion board and the group discussion boards for the groups in your course.
You can include a link on the course menu for one-click access to the discussions tool. You can also customize the name of the link.
- Point to the plus sign above the course menu. The Add Menu Item drop-down list appears.
- Click Tool Link.
- Type a Name for the link.
- From the Type drop-down list, click Discussion Board.
- Select the Available to Users check box.
- Click Submit.
The new tool link appears last in the course menu list. Press and drag the arrows icon to move the link into a new position. Access the link's contextual menu to rename, delete, or hide the link from students.
You can incorporate the discussion board into course areas, allowing students to access the tool alongside content.
In a content area, you can add a forum link following lecture notes to gather questions on the material presented or after an assignment to gather students' perceptions on how they did. You can add adaptive release rules or date availability restrictions to limit students' access. This allows them to access content in a specified order, such as reading a PDF before adding posts to the discussion board.
- Access the content area or folder where you want to link to the discussion board or forum.
- On the action bar, point to Tools and click Discussion Board.
- On the Create Link: Discussion Board page, click the Link to Discussion Board Page option to link to the discussion board itself.
Click Select a Discussion Board Forum and select a forum from the list.
Click Create New Forum to add a link to a forum you create at this time. You select all forum settings at the time of creation. The newly created forum appears in the list of forums to choose from when adding the link in your course.
- Click Next.
- On the next Create Link: Discussion Board page, type a Link Name. The Link Name cannot exceed 50 characters. Students click the name to access the discussion board or forum.
- Optionally, type instructions or a description in the Text box.
- For the Available option, click Yes.
- For the Track Number of Views option, click Yes or No. If you enable tracking, the number of times the link is viewed, when it is viewed, and by whom is recorded.
- Select the Display After and Display Until check boxes to enable the date and time selections. Display restrictions do not affect the availability of the discussion board or forum content, only when it appears.
- Click Submit. The discussion link appears in the course area.
To Learn More
For steps to assign a moderator, see Moderate Discussions.
To learn about adaptive release, see Controlling the Release of Content.
To learn how to rate posts, see Reply to Discussion Posts.
To learn how to lock a thread, see Create Threads.
To learn how to provide a link to the discussion board in a course area, see How to Add a Link to the Discussion Board in a Course Area.